"Appropriate classification of injuries by type and severity is fundamental to the study of injury. The Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) was developed to provide researchers with a simple numerical method for ranking and comparing injuries by severity, and to standardize the description of injuries. It is a numerical scale of injury severity ranging from 1 (minor injury) to 6 (maximal injury-unsurvivable). Injuries are determined for each of the body regions. (...) To summarize multiple body injuries, the Injury Severity Score (ISS) - a summary score that is based on the AIS - was developed by Baker and colleagues (1974): It is the sum of squares for the highest values in each of the three most severely injured body regions." (Linn et al., 1995; p. 440). References: Baker, S. P., o'Neill, B., Haddon Jr, W., & Long, W. B. (1974). The injury severity score: a method for describing patients with multiple injuries and evaluating emergency care. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 14(3), 187-196. Linn, S. (1995). The injury severity score—importance and uses. Annals of epidemiology, 5(6), 440-446.
Copyright Holder:Baker, S. P.; o'Neill, B.; Haddon Jr, W.; Long, W. B.
May 28, 2018