Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was originally developed by [Zigmond, AS; Snaith, RP (1983). "The hospital anxiety and depression scale". Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 67 (6): 361–370] and is commonly used by doctors to determine the levels of anxiety and depression that a patient is experiencing. Also used for routine documentation at the University Hospital Muenster (UKM) see


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Zigmond, AS
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November 16, 2018

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Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)

Tick the box beside the reply that is closest to how you have been feeling in the past week. Don’t take too long over you replies: your immediate is best.